Tools of Communication

Coralie Gourguechon x Fabrica
BIO

Coralie Gourguechon is an interdisciplinary designer and researcher, with a focus on communication tools and systems. She aims to deconstruct technology, both on a physical and semantic level. Her work around electronic and digital devices brings a transparency to technological objects, through revealing there inner workings and conception.

Website

Fabrica is a communication research centre. It is based in Treviso, Italy, and is an integral part of the Benetton Group. Established in 1994 from a vision of Luciano Benetton, Fabrica offers young people from around the world a one-year scholarship, accommodation and a round-trip ticket to Italy, enabling a highly diverse group of researchers.

Website

An evolving online database classifies examples of human communication, aligning anachronistic tools and systems that answer similar wills or needs, but with a different technology and context.

Tools of Communication is an evolving database of communication stories accessible through multiple-choice sentences. The parameters of communication -space, time, message, medium and recipient, as well as constraints- can be changed to explore the database of communication stories, through their specificities. This process, through deconstructing the different phases of communication, highlights the underlying choices we make while establishing a communication, and the challenges faced when the usual means of communication are not accessible.

Marshall McLuhan states in the Medium is the Massage: An Inventory of Effects: “We become what we behold. We shape our tools and then our tools shape us.” In the field of communications, technology has progressively removed constraints of time and space, allowing us an instantaneity in the way we exchange information across the world. By acknowledging the importance of a communication medium, we recognize the importance of design decisions on the lives of users, alongside potentially wider implications.

In the case of social media for example, how does the medium become more important than the message? When communication becomes instantaneous and unlimited, the amount of information we receive through our feed is too large to be meaningfully consumed. Our attention needs to be caught. Messages and information become shorter, faster and more visually impactful. We most likely remember what stands around the message (or stands out from it) – the platform, the person that posted it, the main keywords of the title, or the associated image – rather than its precise content. The instantaneity of the format, affects the accuracy and veracity of the message itself.

Beyond influencing the shape of the message, social media also contains structural bias. In the wake of the recent United States election results, social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook where pointed to as becoming echo-chambers and filter bubbles. With algorithms adapting the content to users interests, a newsfeed becomes a curated selection of chosen interests, preventing the experience of different or opposing ideas. A dual feed webpage created by the Wall Street Journal illustrates this problem.

We are interested in communication stories where the tool – or the medium – is an essential part of the communication for technical, political or sociological reasons. Behind these stories of communication appear contemporary topics, such as technology addiction, data privacy, censorship, propaganda, but also technological disobedience, protest, counter communication, resistance and survival. The stories reveal a human capacity to adapt to a changing technological environment, to create new tools or modify existing ones. They also reflect the power behind communication methods, and how they are constantly reshaping our societies.

toolsofcommunication.githhub

Communication stories will be constantly added to the database over the coming weeks. Stay tuned for updates and new discoveries.

Web Development Thomas L’huillier
Graphic Design Laura Messaglio
Thanks Sam Baron, Angelo Semeraro

Land of Panicutopia: Tales of Spectacle and Destruction

Gali Blay and Meggie Rotberger
Text, moving image.

Reality and fiction intertwine in a set of articles about Israeli-Palestine desert community and an Israeli defense system. The articles and collages bring along questions of physical and psychological elements of security.

A Euro is a Euro is a Euro: Fieldwork in European Realism

Paolo Patelli
essay, 3D animation.

As a singular embodiment of matter and representation, the Euro-Skulptur is as abstract as money, as tangible as cash. An essay and 3D scans made on site, analyse the sculpture as a material symbol of the European Union.

Empty Orchestra

MAGMAH (Gabriel A. Maher & Isabel Mager)
karaoke film, performance, statement.

A visual, text, sound montage pulls apart the official website of the Salone del Mobile, reinterpreting mainstream design media in a satirical comment on the rhetoric and disinformation of commodity culture and consumption.

Ancestors & Algorithms

Foundland
research, moving image.

A collection of observations draws together contemporary political events and ancient future-telling practices. These can be considered human and non-human strategies in forecasting what a political future might look like – for better or worse.

The Talking Machine

Paul Devens
audio installation.

Installed in Atelier Clerici during the Salone del Mobile 2017, The Talking Machine uses references from the pioneering stage of modern technology in todayʼs axis of time. The sound installation addresses the basic problematics of our current intertwinement and dependency of communication technology.

Herbert Bayer and the Ethics of Design

Anja Neidhardt
Essay.

Herbert Bayer was a significant designer. A lesser-known aspect of his work, alongside his commercial work, is he also worked for the Nazi regime. An essay investigating the responsibilities and ethics of designers while creating a form for a message.

There’s a Tourist in all Our Heads

Rui Gilman
essay.

Tourism changes social-economic relations alongside the materiality of the city itself. An essay maps the ascent of tourism through the case study of New York City, primarily the evolution of Times Square since 1975.